Category Archives: Punctuation

Punctuation. Related articles can be found in Spelling, English Vocabulary and Editing and Style.

How to Use a Comma in a Compound Sentence

Since the dawn of time, people have been creating new ways to communicate easier and more efficiently. So when the word of mouth began to be used as symbols on materials, one would question where a pause was to be taken in a sentence. In the Christian Church, St. Augustine influenced many to use punctuation so the texts of God would not be misread. Thus, the spawning of the comma was started and the blue faces of readers were relieved without misreading the sentence in its context.

Know what the comma is used for. A comma is used to connect two independent clauses by using a coordinating conjunction. (Independent Clause, (coordinating conjunction) Independent Clause)

  • Ex.- I went to California. + I want to go to Florida.=
  •  I went to California, BUT I want to go to Florida

Learn when to use them. In a compound sentence, the coordinating conjunctions (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) link sentences that might otherwise stand alone together. Ex.- John went to the mall. + Mary followed him to see what he was up to. = John went to the mall, SO Mary followed him to see what he was up to.

However, when there is no subject in the second part of the sentence a comma should not be used. E.g., We went shopping but could not find what we were after.

Tips

  • A helpful way to remember the coordinating conjunctions is by using the word FANBOYS, which is an mnemonic device put together from the first letter of each of the conjunctions.
  • Remember the comma goes before the coordinating conjunction, NOT after.

    Ex.-We went to Maine for the summer, for my parents wanted to visit our relatives there.

  • NOT:
  • We went to Maine for the summer for, my parents wanted to visit our relatives there.
  • or
  • We went to Maine for the summer for my parents, wanted to visit our relatives there.
  • Article provided by wikiHow, a wiki how-to manual. Please edit this article and find author credits at the original wikiHow article on How to Use a Comma in a Compound Sentence. All content on wikiHow can be shared under a Creative Commons license.

    How to Use a Semicolon

    The semicolon is a valuable ingredient in any recipe. With a dash of this super-comma, you’ll add that zesty flavor that every delectable paper needs.

    Steps

    1. Write one complete statement. This is your independent clause.
    2. Write another complete statement that relates to the first.
    3. Place the semicolon right after the last word of the first statement. The second statement follows immediately after the first. The semicolon joins the two statements together.
    4. Semicolons are used to bring two separate but closely related statements together into one complete sentence. It can either join two sentences into one, or may be used as a super-comma in a complicated list.
    5. Also, use semi colons to connect items in lists or multiple clauses which contain commas, much in the same way we use ‘ ‘ around a quotation which is inside another quotation. Otherwise, it can look very confusing with so many commas all over the place.
    6. Examples:
      • The vegetables will add nutrition to this tasty treat; plus, they contribute delicious flavoring.
      • We bought plenty of food; there was enough food to feed the whole school.
      • The cook wanted to add a little pizazz and spice to the dishes; as a result, the hearty food eaters were feeling hot, hot, hot.
      • New York City, New York; Los Angeles, California; and Chicago, Illinois are the three most populated cities in America.

    Tips

    • Semicolons must be used between two sentences.
    • The second sentence is usually an afterthought which regards to the first.
    • Try to keep the clauses as closely related as you can.
    • Use semicolons instead of periods to show a closer relationship between the sentences.
    • Use conjunctive adverbs following the semicolon for some added flavor and to make it more interesting. Conjunctive Adverbs include however, moreover, indeed, therefore, otherwise, meanwhile, furthermore, instead, besides, and consequently.
    • If your sentence doesn’t look right to you, it probably isn’t. Follow your instincts. However, this may not be as follows all the time!

    Warnings

    • Beware of the dreaded conjunctions and, for, so, but, nor, and yet, as they will ruin your recipe
    • Remember, it goes, independent clause (first sentence), semicolon, optional conjunctive adverb, then second independent clause.

    Article provided by wikiHow, a wiki how-to manual. Please edit this article and find author credits at the original wikiHow article on How to Use a Semicolon. All content on wikiHow can be shared under a Creative Commons license.